God is our ruler
Early Judges including Deborah
judge: (in lesson context) a leader God provided to free
Israel from danger and keep the peace
repent: to turn back, to change your mind and behavior
Judges 1-5"God raised up Deborah to be judge after the
people had been treated harshly by King Jabin of Hazor. God
spoke to Deborah under her palm tree between Bethel and Ramah.
She was to send for a man named Barak in Naphtali and tell him
to take ten thousand soldiers to Mount Tabor. There he would
fight against King Jabin’s army..."
Read the Full Lesson Text
Describe Israel's government: tribal elders and national priests. No
king, no governor, just obedience to the laws of God.
Because God was Israel's ruler, he punished them when they disobeyed. He
allowed other countries to rule over them.
When Israel repented and called on the Lord, He sent leaders (judges) to
free them and help them remain true to God.
The judges were from different tribes in Israel. Some were prophets as
well. Not all the judges were good people - sometimes they were strong
political and military leaders used by God to accomplish a purpose.
||Judges 1:11-13; 3:7-11
||(used a dagger to kill Eglon)
||Moabites (King Eglon)
oxgoad to kill 600)
||(prophesied re: Barak and
||King Jabin of Hazor
men with torches)
||(Gideon's corrupt son)
||(civil war in Israel)
||(had 30 sons and 30 towns)
his daughter's life)
||(had 40 sons, 30 grandsons)
||1 Samuel 1:1-4:1
priest, anoints kings)
||1 Samuel 4:1-7:17
Object Lesson: Show the class pictures of a chariot. Describe
how the Israelites didn't have chariots, and went to war ontheir
feet. Compare it to fighting someone in a car - how difficult it
would be. But over and over, God defeated the armies with their
chariots for Israel.
Craft: Bring in paper towel rolls and green & brown
construction paper to make palm trees. Have the students cover the
roll in brown paper. Then cut leafs of green paper, cutting fronds
template of palm leaf). Glue
the end of the branch to the truck (roll). Now everyone has their
own palm tree. Bring in a scarf for the girls to wrap around their
heads to pretend to be Deborah.
Discussion: When we disobey the laws of the United States, we
can be arrested, sent to jail and punished. When Israel disobeyed
God's law, He (as their ruler) rightfully punished them. But He was
also there to save them when they repented (turned back to him). Our
law does not have a lot of ways to handle repentance (maybe time off
for good behavior). But God loves us so much He sent His own son to
pay for our wrongs and provide us with forgiveness.
Judges 5:2 "Praise ye the Lord for the
avenging of Israel, when the people willingly offered themselves."
Deborah and Barak sang praise to God after the battle. Let's sing "He's
got the whole world in His hands"
True or False
Right or Wrong: Judges decided what was the right thing to do. We
also have to decide between right and wrong. Choose between the two
possibilities to decide which is right or wrong.
God appointed rulers for every tribe in Israel. F
The judges of Israel were all from the tribe of Judah. F
God used judges to rescue Israel from their enemies. T
Deborah was a prophetess, but not a judge. F
Some of the judges made terrible mistakes. T
|Who or what will solve all my problems?
|Who gives me the best advice?
|Where's the best place to learn right
|Who should I follow?
|What more important in my schedule?
||my tv show
|Who should I treat kindly?
||people who are nice to me
|who should I try to be like?
||my favorite music star
Activity: Bring a puppet to class for younger groups. For older
kids, make up a person their age. Tell the students that this person
tends to be fearful and untrusting, like Barak. Talk about how Barak
disappointed God and gave up rewarding things because of his fear.
Tell the students that this person gets afraid when: 1) his friends
make fun of him for being a "goody-two-shoes", 2) when he might get
in trouble for being honest, 3) when he doesn't know how to handle a
problem alone. Ask the students how they would advise this person to
handle these situations. If they have trouble, ask them to remember:
1) Jesus loves them, 2) Jesus went through the same trials, 3) he
can pray for strength, 4) he can remember God rewards the faithful,
5) and we know that God's plans are for our best - if we see them
Questions for gameboard
- What was a judge in Israel's time? a person God
provided to lead Israel out of trouble
- Name as many judges as you can remember from today's
- Name as many tribes of Israel as you can remember.
- Locate Moab on a map.
- Draw a palm tree.
- Act out Barak asking Deborah to go to war
- How do you think God felt when the Israelites
so quickly disobeyed him?
- How did the Israelites feel when they
realized they had left God's ways?
- How did the Israelites feel when God
delivered them from their enemies?
How does God deliver us from disobedience? through His son
In what ways can we stray from God today? abandon prayer,
worship, and obedience to His laws; seek after physical things
How can we be like judges? be ready to do God's work, not be
afraid of the enemy, and help others return to God
- Did Deborah lead the army of Isreal? no
What did Barak insist upon? that Deborah go to battle with him
- How did Deborah praise God after the battle? in song
- Why did God allow other nations to rule Israel? Israel
- How did the small armies of the judges defeat their
powerful enemies? because God was with them
- Why didn't Barak get the glory for defeating Sisera?
Sisera was killed by a woman; it's implied that Barak's fear (lack of trust
in God) caused God to give that reknown to another.