Jonathon Helps David Flee King Saul

To Remember: Good friendships are very valuable.

Lesson     1 Samuel 19-22

Lesson Text:
How would you have felt, knowing the king wanted you killed? David had some fearful thoughts, but he didn’t try to carry his heavy burdens alone. Instead, he prayed for God’s protection
Read the entire lesson text...

  • Saul is jealous to the point of murder
  • Jonathon intervenes between his father and his friend  1 Sam 19:3
    • Discussion Point: Jonathon's loyalty is tried here when his father tries to harm his innocent friend.
  • Saul vows not to kill David
  • David defeats the Philistines, arousing Saul's jealousy again
  • Saul attempts to kill David again 1Sam. 19:10
    • Discussion Point: Saul had 'repented' of his sin, but falls victim again. How do we avoid repeating sin?
  • Michal helps David escape.
    • Act Out: Have class act out this scene.
  • David flees to Ramah, where Samuel is.
    • Discussion Point: Here David seeks the help of a mentor. When we are in difficult times, we can seek the wisdom of older Christians.
  • Jonathon and David meet and vow peace  1Sam. 20:16,17
    • Discussion Point: These friends do not allow the opinions or pressures of others to interfere in their relationship.
  • Jonathon sees Saul is angry at David and risks his life to defend his friend.
  • Jonathon signals to his friend that he must flee.
    • Act Out: Jonathon shoots arrows to tell David to flee.
  • David gets supplies from the priests at Nob
  • David hides in Philistia, where he is saved from danger by acting mad. 1 Sam. 21:13
  • David attracts 400 supporters. 1 Sam. 22:2
  • David hides his family in Moab.
  • Saul kills the priests that helped David. Abiathar escapes and joins David
Discussion Point: Friendship: What makes someone your friend? What does friends owe one another? What qualities do we look for in a friend? Do we choose our friends, or let them choose us?

  • Proverbs 17:17 A friend loves at all times, and a brother is born for adversity.
  • Proverbs 18:24 A man of many companions may come to ruin, but there is a friend who sticks closer than a brother.
Discussion Point: Jonathon and Michal both protected David from their father. They took different approaches when confronting Saul. Jonathon risked his life to defend David with truth. It worked once, but failed the second time. Michal lied to Saul to cover up her own participation in David's escape. Why do you think Michal lied?

Worksheet: Choosing Our Friends

Memory Work:

Proverbs 17:17 A friend loves at all times, and a brother is born for adversity.
True or False
  1. Jonathon hated his father.    F
  2. David hated Saul.       F
  3. David trusted Jonathon.  T
  4. Jonathon was too scared to confront his father.   F
  5. God provided help for David through many people.   T
  6. Saul's children, Jonathon and Michal, knew that Saul was out of control.    T
Review Questions for gameboard

 linguistic questions
  1. Which book of the Bible tells us about this lesson?
  2. Name the children of Saul that helped David.
  3. Recite the memory verse.
  activity questions
  1. Act out Abiathar telling David what happened.
  2. Put the first ten books of the Bible in order.
  3. Act out the Philistine reaction to this situation.
  emotion questions
  1. How do you think Jonathon felt when his father tried to kill David?
  2. What emotions was Saul feeling toward David?
  3. Was Saul's anger productive or did it turn people against him?
application questions
  1. Does getting angry or violent help or hurt those closest to us?
  2. How can we help friends in trouble?
  3. Who can we turn to when we need advice?
fact questions
  1. Of those close to Saul, who supported him in his anger?
  2. Who did David seek to protect?
  3. How did Michal help David escape?
review questions
  1. David was courageous, but he chose to flee. Why?
  2. Why did David go to Philistia?
  3. What does Saul's killing of the priests tell us about him?