Love your enemies
Lesson 1 Samuel 23-26
Activity: Add to the good and bad points of Saul and David on their
charts. Be sure to include forgiveness and self-control for David.
Keilah: David defends Keilah from the Philistines. Saul hears about it and
intends to trap David there. David asks God if the people of Keilah will
protect him, and God says no. David escapes. 1 Sam. 23:12
Discussion Point: How should the people of Keilah treated David?
Saul pursued David through the wilderness. God always protected David, even
sending a messenger to call Saul away when he was getting extremely close to
David. 1 Sam. 23:26-27
Discussion Point: Many of the psalms of David seem to have been
written at this time in his life. Have a student read Psalm 59:1-2.
Later, Saul brought 3,000 men to search for David near En Gedi. At one
point, David and his men were hidden in the back of a cave. Saul entered the
front of the cave. 1 Sam. 24:6
Act Out: Act out this scene, having students imagine what the
men thought and felt. At first they were scared of discovery. Then they
thought this was David's chance to kill Saul. God had delivered him into
their hand. Show how David was torn, but his respect for Saul as King kept
him from harming him. He only took a piece of Saul's robe to prove his good
When Saul left, David proves he would not hurt him and Saul is ashamed. 1
David stays in the wilds of Judah. The local people give him and his men
food and supplies, and in exchange, David protects them from bandits and
thieves. One of the men David helps is named Nabal. Nabal was proud and
rude. He refused to help David despite what he'd done. David becomes angry,
but before he acts, Nabal's wife Abigail brings supplies and men and begs
David to forgive her husband. David does. Later, Nabal dies in his shame and
Abigail becomes David's wife.1 Sam. 25:33
Discussion Point: While the people of Keilah were probably afraid of
Saul, Nabal was simply arrogant and crude. What attributes did Abigail show
that Nabal didn't? How important is it to know what characteristics we want
in a spouse?
Craft: Trace a robe on a piece of colored paper. Have students
cut it out, tear off a corner and paste both to a page labeled
Saul's coat. Allow students to decorate the Kingly robe.
Sing: He's Got the
(for older youth) Many people in David's position would justify
killing Saul in self-defense. Discuss how David knew he would be
protected. (he'd been protected before, he'd been anointed to be
King, he had access to God's advice). Others would say that God must
have wanted him to kill Saul since 1) he'd been anointed, 2) God
delivered him into his hands. Discuss how David knew that the king
was holy, how God would handle everything in his own time, and how
David's hands would be clean when he came to the throne. Also - if
he kills the previous king, what example is he setting when he
Matthew 5:43-45 "You have heard that it was said, 'You shall love
your neighbor and hate your enemy.' But I say to you, Love your
enemies and pray for those who persecute you, so that you may be
sons of your Father who is in heaven; for he makes his sun rise
on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the just and on
True or False
Review Questions for gameboard
David stole from the people where he stayed. F
The people of Keilah were afraid of Saul. T
David was too scared to kill Saul. F
God always protected David. T
Abigail was as foolish as her husband. F
What is a psalm?
Describe David's roles (e.g. psalmist, warrior, leader, fugitive)
Recite the books of the OT.
Locate Keilah on a map.
Act out Abigail's pleas to David.
Recite the memory verse as a group.
How do you think David felt when God told him Keilah would betray him?
How did Saul feel when he realized David had spared him?
How did David feel when Nabal spurned him?
How did Abigail feel when she heard what Nabal had done?
How should we treat those who are kind to us?
How should we treat those who are mean to us?
How should we treat anyone in authority, despite their actions?
Will our kindness to others always be returned?
Name Abigail's two husbands in this lesson.
Name two places David stayed in this lesson.
How did David prove he was interested in killing Saul?
Why was Saul pursuing David?
Why wouldn't David kill Saul?
How did David spend his time in the wilderness?
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